Global System for Cellular Communication – GSM Technology

Global Systems For Mobile Communication (GSM) is the main technology used by international digital wireless systems and cellphones; However, GMS is only used by a small portion of cellphone operators in the United States. GSM is interesting because it uses the modified and far more efficient TDMA version (time transfer of access). GSM keeps the timespeople’s ideas on the frequency channel, but corrects some of the main shortcomings. Because the GSM Timeslots is smaller than TDMA, they hold less data but allow the level of data ranging from 300 bits per second. Thus, calls can use as much time slots as needed to 13 kilobit limits per second. When calls are not active (silent) or can be compressed more, less time used. To facilitate filling the gap left by images that are not used, call frequency hopping in GSM. This means that calls will jump between channels and time to maximize the use of the system. Control channels are used to communicate hopping frequencies and other information between the antenna tower and telephone.

The architecture used by GSM consists of three main components, cellular stations, base station subsystems, and network subsystems. These components work together to allow mobile users to travel smoothly without service interruptions, while offering flexibility to have a GSM cellphone device that is used permanently or temporarily by any user. Utilizing three separate components of the GSM network, this type of communication is truly portable. Mobile users can place an identification card called the customer identity module (SIM) on wireless devices, and the device will take personal configuration and user information. This includes telephone numbers, home systems, and billing information. Although the United States has migrated towards CDMA and TDMA as the main mode of wireless communication, most of the world uses GSM.

GSM benefits.

The GSM network includes most wireless users worldwide and profitable technology in the United States because of the following benefits:

Provides integrated sound, two high-speed speed speed, face and short message service
Offering advanced features such as Caller ID, text message on mobile
Offer superior voice clarity and overall call quality
Provide personal identification associated with the Customer Information Module (SIM) that can be used on several phones, not binding users to one cellphone
Offers sound privacy
Use less battery power (when compared to analog)
Allows a single technology handset to work around the world where GSM is available (during frequency can be accessed by handsets)

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